The Ultimate Guide to Buff Orpington Chickens

Discover Buff Orpington Chickens: Ideal backyard chickens, easy care, 280 brown eggs yearly. Dive into their history, behavior, and value for both new and seasoned chicken keepers.

buff orpington chicken

If you’re looking for a friendly, docile breed to add to your backyard flock, Buff Orpingtons are an excellent choice. These chickens have gentle personalities and are easy to care for, making them ideal for beginners. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about raising Buff Orpingtons, from their background and history to their physical features, egg production, behavior, known health issues, pros and cons, and top reasons to add them to your flock.


Origin: England

Egg Production: 200 to 280 per year

Purpose: Dual purpose

Egg Size: Large to Extra Large

Egg Color: Light to Dark Brown

Broody: Brood Easily

Cold Hardy: Yes

Heat Tolerant: Yes

Weight: Roosters: 10 lbs Hens: 8 lbs

Temperament: Gentle, responds to attention, non-aggressive

Free Range: Yes

Life Span: 10 years

Class/Type: Heritage Breed

Comb Type: Single comb


buff orpington baby chicks

William Cook, a chicken farmer from Orpington, Kent, England, developed these delightful chickens in the late 1800s. Cook’s ultimate goal was to create a breed perfect for meat and egg production. He crossed three breeds – Minorcas, Langshans, and Plymouth Rocks to achieve this. The outcome was a large, dual-purpose breed with a calm temperament and great mothering instincts.

The Buff Orpington breed quickly gained popularity in England, and people brought them to the United States in the early 1900s. Their versatility and friendly personalities quickly became a favorite choice for small farms and backyard flocks. Today, small-scale chicken keepers still cherish Buff Orpingtons for their egg-laying abilities and as delightful pets.

But that’s not all – Buff Orpington chickens have also become a hit among exhibition breeders. These breeders showcase the best of the best, with competitions held worldwide to display the finest examples of Buff Orpingtons. However, despite its popularity, the breed has had its fair share of ups and downs. The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy once listed Buff Orpingtons as critically endangered. However, thanks to conservation efforts, their population has rebounded, and they have been removed from the list. All in all, the Buff Orpington’s story is one of resilience and perseverance – just like the birds themselves.


an adult buff orpington hen

Buff Orpingtons have a special place in the hearts of chicken enthusiasts everywhere, thanks to their distinctive physical features. These birds are big – like, really big – with hens weighing 8 pounds and roosters tipping the scales at 10 pounds. That’s a lot of chicken to love!

But their size isn’t the only thing that makes Buff Orpingtons stand out. These birds are known for their soft, fluffy feathers, which provide excellent insulation against the cold. Their thick layer of downy feathers helps keep them warm in cooler weather, making them ideal for areas with harsh winters.

And let’s not forget their gorgeous golden buff color! This unique hue results from a genetic mutation that occurred during the breeding process, and it’s a recessive trait responsible for their signature look. While they can come in other colors, like black, white, and blue, the buff variety is by far the most popular – and it’s easy to see why!

But perhaps the most charming thing about Buff Orpingtons is their cute and cuddly shape. With their plump, round bodies and short, curvy tails, they look like something straight out of a children’s book. Their yellow legs and feet only add to their overall cuteness.

Overall, it’s easy to see why Buff Orpingtons are a favorite among chicken lovers. They’re unique and visually appealing!


light brown chicken eggs in a nest box

Buff Orpington chickens are reliable egg-layers, producing up to 280 large, brown eggs each year. And if you’re interested in hatching your own chicks, Buff Orpingtons are known for their broodiness, which means they will eagerly sit on their eggs until they hatch. These nurturing birds are a wonderful addition to any backyard flock and a great option for those who want a breed that’s both productive and caring.


a close up shot of a buff orpington chicken's face

Buff Orpington chickens are renowned for being docile and are well-suited for families with children. They love spending time with their owners and are often seen following them around the yard, eagerly waiting for treats or attention.

Not only do they get along well with people, but Buff Orpingtons also have a friendly demeanor towards other chicken breeds. They can even coexist peacefully with other backyard pets like ducks and rabbits, which is excellent for those who want to keep various animals.

One of the best things about Buff Orpingtons is their quiet nature. While they do make noise from time to time, especially when they’re laying eggs, they’re not typically loud or disruptive. This makes them an excellent choice for backyard chicken keepers who live in areas with noise restrictions or for those who prefer a more peaceful backyard.

All in all, Buff Orpingtons are great pets with friendly and easygoing personalities, making them a joy to have around.


a side view of a buff orpington chicken

While Buff Orpingtons are generally healthy, there are some health issues that they can be prone to. One thing to watch out for is obesity – Buff Orpingtons love to eat, so it’s essential to ensure they’re not overindulging. Obesity can lead to heart and joint problems, shortening their lifespan. Respiratory issues, egg-laying problems, and parasites are other potential health concerns to be aware of. However, these issues can be avoided or treated with proper care and attention.


a buff orpington chicken standing in leaves

Buff Orpingtons are known for their relatively long lives compared to other chicken breeds. They can live for up to 10 years or even longer with good care! But just like with people, genetics, environment, and healthcare can all affect how long they live. So it’s essential to provide your Buff Orpingtons with a healthy, happy home to help them live their best lives.


a buff orpington chicken sitting on top of a chicken coop


  • Docile and friendly temperament, making them great for families with children.
  • Adaptable to different climates and can tolerate cold weather well.
  • Easy to care for and require minimal maintenance.
  • Good layers and can produce a decent amount of eggs per year.
  • Known for their broodiness, meaning they are likelier to sit on and hatch eggs.


  • Can be heavy and clumsy, which makes them more prone to leg problems.
  • Can be lazy and less active than other breeds, so they may need to be more efficient at foraging for food.
  • Can be prone to becoming overweight if overfed or not given enough space to exercise.
  • Not known for being good flyers, so they may be more susceptible to predators if improperly secured.


a flock of chickens free ranging on grass

Friendly personalities: Buff Orpingtons are sweet and sociable chickens that love spending time with their human companions. They are a great choice for families with children or anyone looking for a feathered pet.

Cold-hardy: With their thick feathers and hardy constitution, Buff Orpingtons are well-equipped to handle cold weather, making them a perfect choice for those in cooler climates.

Egg-laying machines: These birds are great layers, with hens producing up to 280 large, brown eggs per year. That’s a lot of omelets!

Broodiness: Buff Orpingtons have a strong tendency to sit on their eggs and hatch them, which can be a real boon for those looking to breed their own chickens.

Beautiful plumage: With their stunning golden feathers, Buff Orpingtons are a true standout in any flock. They’re sure to turn heads and add some visual interest to your backyard.

In conclusion, if you’re new to backyard chicken keeping, you can’t go wrong with Buff Orpingtons. These lovable birds are easy to take care of, and they have so much to offer. Not only are they excellent egg layers, but they also make great pets due to their friendly and affectionate personalities. And let’s not forget about their stunning golden feathers, which add a touch of beauty to any backyard. With their adaptability to different climates and low noise levels, Buff Orpingtons are a great choice for anyone looking to raise chickens. Plus, they are dual-purpose birds, meaning they can provide both meat and eggs. Overall, Buff Orpingtons are a wonderful addition to any backyard flock!

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